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Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns is a method develops By Marjorie Gordon in 1987 proposed functional health patterns as a guide for establishing a comprehensive nursing data base. By using these categories it’s possible to create a systematic and standardized approach to data collection, and enable the nurse to determine the following aspects of health and human function:

11 Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns

  1. Health Perception Health Management Pattern
  2. Nutritional Metabolic Pattern
  3. Elimination Pattern
  4. Activity Exercise Pattern
  5. Sleep Rest Pattern
  6. Cognitive-Perceptual Pattern
  7. Self-Perception-Self-Concept Pattern
  8. Role-Relationship Pattern
  9. Sexuality-Reproductive
  10. Coping-Stress Tolerance Pattern
  11. Value-Belief Pattern

Health Perception and Health Management. It’s focused on the person’s perceived level of health and well-being, and on practices for maintaining health. Also evaluated Habits including smoking and alcohol or drug use.

  • Contamination
  • Disturbed energy field
  • Effective therapeutic regimen management
  • Health-seeking behaviors (specify)
  • Ineffective community therapeutic regimen management
  • Ineffective family therapeutic regimen management
  • Ineffective health maintenance
  • Ineffective protection
  • Ineffective therapeutic regimen management
  • Noncompliance (ineffective Adherence)
  • Readiness for enhanced immunization status
  • Readiness for enhanced therapeutic regimen management
  • Risk for contamination
  • Risk for infection
  • Risk for injury
  • Risk for perioperative positioning injury
  • Risk for poisoning
  • Risk for sudden infant death syndrome
  • Risk for suffocation
  • Risk for trauma
  • Risk-prone health behavior

Nutritional Metabolic Pattern it’s focused on the pattern of food and fluid consumption relative to metabolic need. Is evaluated the adequacy of local nutrient supplies.  Actual or potential problems related to fluid balance, tissue integrity, and host defenses may be identified as well as problems with the gastrointestinal system.

  • Adult failure to thrive
  • Deficient fluid volume: [isotonic]
  • [Deficient fluid volume: hyper/hypotonic]
  • Effective breastfeeding [Learning Need]
  • Excess fluid volume
  • Hyperthermia
  • Hypothermia
  • Imbalanced nutrition: more than body requirements
  • Imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirements
  • Imbalanced nutrition: risk for more than body requirements
  • Impaired dentition
  • Impaired oral mucous membrane
  • Impaired skin integrity
  • Impaired swallowing
  • Impaired tissue integrity
  • Ineffective breastfeeding
  • Ineffective infant feeding pattern
  • Ineffective thermoregulation
  • Interrupted breastfeeding
  • Latex allergy response
  • Nausea
  • Readiness for enhanced fluid balance
  • Readiness for enhanced nutrition
  • Risk for aspiration
  • Risk for deficient fluid volume
  • Risk for imbalanced fluid volume
  • Risk for imbalanced body temperature
  • Risk for impaired liver function
  • Risk for impaired skin integrity
  • Risk for latex allergy response
  • Risk for unstable blood glucose

Elimination Pattern. It’s focused on excretory patterns (bowel, bladder, skin).

  • Bowel incontinence
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Functional urinary incontinence
  • Impaired urinary elimination
  • Overflow urinary incontinence
  • Perceived constipation
  • Readiness for enhanced urinary elimination,
  • Reflex urinary incontinence
  • Risk for constipation
  • Risk for urge urinary incontinence
  • Stress urinary incontinence
  • Total urinary incontinence
  • Urge urinary incontinence
  • [acute/chronic] Urinary retention

Activity and Exercise Pattern. It’s focused on the activities of daily living requiring energy expenditure, including self-care activities, exercise, and leisure activities.

  • Activity intolerance
  • Autonomic dysreflexia
  • Decreased cardiac output
  • Decreased intracranial adaptive capacity
  • Deficient diversonal activity
  • Delayed growth and development
  • Delayed surgical recovery
  • Disorganized infant behavior
  • Dysfunctional ventilatory weaning response
  • Fatigue
  • Impaired spontaneous ventilation
  • Impaired bed mobility
  • Impaired gas exchange
  • Impaired home maintenance
  • Impaired physical mobility
  • Impaired transfer ability
  • Impaired walking
  • Impaired wheelchair mobility
  • Ineffective airway clearance
  • Ineffective breathing pattern
  • Ineffective tissue perfusion
  • Readiness for enhanced organized infant behavior
  • Readiness for enhanced self care
  • Risk for delayed development
  • Risk for disorganized infant behavior
  • Risk for disproportionate growth
  • Risk for activity intolerance
  • Risk for autonomic dysreflexia
  • Risk for disuse syndrome
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Self-care deficit
  • Wandering

Cognitive-Perceptual Pattern. It’s focused on the ability to comprehend and use information and on the sensory functions. Neurologic functions, Sensory experiences such as pain and altered sensory input.

  • Acute confusion
  • Acute pain
  • Chronic confusion
  • Chronic pain
  • Decisional conflict
  • Deficient knowledge
  • Disturbed sensory perception
  • Disturbed thought processes
  • Impaired environmental interpretation syndrome
  • Impaired memory
  • Readiness for enhanced comfort
  • Readiness for enhanced decision making
  • Readiness for enhanced knowledge
  • Risk for acute confusion
  • Unilateral neglect

Sleep Rest Pattern. It’s focused on the person’s sleep, rest, and relaxation practices. To identified dysfunctional sleep patterns, fatigue, and responses to sleep deprivation.

  • Insomnia
  • Readiness for enhanced sleep
  • Sleep deprivation

Self-Perception-Self-Concept Pattern its focused on the person’s attitudes toward self, including identity, body image, and sense of self-worth.

  • Anxiety
  • disturbed Body image
  • Chronic low self-esteem
  • Death anxiety
  • Disturbed personal identity
  • Fear
  • Hopelessness
  • Powerlessness
  • Readiness for enhanced hope
  • Readiness for enhanced power
  • Readiness for enhanced self-concept
  • Risk for compromised human dignity
  • Risk for loneliness
  • Risk for powerlessness
  • Risk for situational low self-esteem
  • Risk for [/actual] other-directed violence
  • Risk for [actual/] self-directed violence
  • Situational low self-esteem

Role-Relationship Pattern. It’s focused on the person’s roles in the world and relationships with others. Evaluated Satisfaction with roles, role strain, or dysfunctional relationships.

  • Caregiver role strain
  • Chronic sorrow
  • Complicated grieving
  • Dysfunctional family processes: alcoholism (substance abuse)
  • Grieving
  • Impaired social interaction
  • Impaired verbal communication
  • Ineffective role performance
  • Interrupted family processes
  • Parental role conflict
  • Readiness for enhanced communication
  • Readiness for enhanced family processes
  • Readiness for enhanced parenting
  • Relocation stress syndrome
  • Risk for caregiver role strain
  • Risk for complicated grieving
  • Risk for impaired parent/infant/child attachment
  • Risk for relocation stress syndrome
  • Social isolation

Sexuality and Reproduction. It’s focused on the person’s satisfaction or dissatisfaction with sexuality patterns and reproductive functions.

  • Ineffective sexuality patterns
  • Rape-trauma syndrome
  • Sexual dysfunction

Coping-Stress Tolerance Pattern. its focused on the person’s perception of stress and coping strategies Support systems, evaluated symptoms of stress, effectiveness of a person’s coping strategies.

  • Compromised family coping
  • Defensive coping
  • Disabled family coping
  • Impaired adjustment
  • Ineffective community coping
  • Ineffective coping
  • Ineffective denial
  • Post-trauma syndrome
  • Readiness for enhanced community coping
  • Readiness for enhanced coping
  • Readiness for enhanced family coping
  • Risk for self-mutilation
  • Risk for suicide
  • Risk for post-trauma syndrome
  • Self-mutilation
  • Stress overload

Value-Belief Pattern it’s focused on the person’s values and beliefs.

  • Impaired religiosity
  • Moral distress
  • Readiness for enhanced religiosity
  • Readiness for enhanced spiritual well-being
  • Risk for impaired religiosity
  • Risk for spiritual distress
  • Spiritual distress

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  1. irman says:

    great website……I Like it very much

  2. jep says:

    can u pls. give me the meanings of each diagnoses.?

  3. Lifenurses says:

    it’s already long page jep. if i added the meaning it will be more boring you can find it you can find in book like NANDA nursing diagnosis here or Here

  4. jep says:


    i understand…
    tnx for that!

  5. veeresh says:

    sir/ madam the functional health pattern of assessment is well appreciated for it comprehensive view of assessing clients but i have some clarification please help this pattern of assessment has no present client history, his past history, family pedigree if female menstural history or obstertic history, most of it assessment is based on subjective and has less scope for observational assessment whic includes physical examination. kindly consider my request and clear my ignorance i m student of nursing.

  6. atieno says:

    could you maybe give me examples of questions i can ask for each pattern for me to get the desired response. your site is so helpful to me as a nursing student.

  7. kade iman says:

    the interesting web…. i like it…. its can evolving my knowledge n practice. tx u lifenursses…..

  8. jay says:

    can you give me gordon’s 11 functional pattern for patient with lung cancer?

  9. This is great,i employ all nurses and other health proffessionals alike to always read on this and aquient them self for the beterment of care to pts and clients.

  10. This “Nursing Diagnosis and 11 Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns” helped me a lot… Thank you muuuuch!

  11. neelam says:

    its very good and helpfull website thanks alot

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