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Nursing care plans for Diabetes MellitusNursing diagnosis Diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which the level of blood glucose is persistently raised above the normal range. Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome with disordered metabolism and inappropriate hyperglycemia due to either a deficiency of insulin secretion or to a combination of insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion to compensate. Diabetes mellitus occurs in two primary forms: type 1, characterized by absolute insufficiency, and the more prevalent type 2, characterized by insulin resistance with varying degrees of insulin secretory defects.

Focused Nursing assessment For Diabetes Mellitus

  • Patient history Patients with type 2 diabetes generally report a family history of diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes
  • Skin changes, especially on the legs and feet, may represent impaired peripheral circulation
  • Ask if the patient has experienced excessive thirst (polydipsia), excessive urination (polyuria), or excessive hunger (polyphagia).
  • In diagnostic test at least two occasions where the fasting plasma glucose level has been greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl, random blood glucose level greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl, blood glucose level greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl 2 hours after ingestion of 75 g of oral dextrose.

Common nursing diagnosis found in Diabetes Mellitus care plans

Imbalanced Nutrition: More than Body Requirements, Fear, Risk for Injury, Activity Intolerance, Deficient Knowledge, Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity, Ineffective Coping, Deficient knowledge (diagnosis and treatment), Disturbed sensory perception: Visual, tactile, Imbalanced nutrition: Less than body requirements, Impaired urinary elimination, Ineffective tissue perfusion: Renal, cardiopulmonary, peripheral, Risk for infection, Sexual dysfunction

Nursing diagnosis Diabetes Mellitus by nursing priority

  1. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less/More than Body Requirements
  2. Ineffective tissue perfusion: Renal, cardiopulmonary, peripheral
  3. Impaired urinary elimination
  4. Disturbed sensory perception: Visual, tactile
  5. Activity Intolerance
  6. Ineffective Coping
  7. Sexual dysfunction
  8. Fear
  9. Deficient Knowledge
  10. Deficient knowledge (diagnosis and treatment)
  11. Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity
  12. Risk for Injury
  13. Risk for infection

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3 Comments

  1. nurseforlife says:

    thank you for the info but it would be helpful for some student nurses to learn some possible etiology..more power and God bless!

  2. Bale says:

    Hai :)
    Because people with prediabetes have a 50 percent higher risk of heart disease and stroke, make sure you don’t start smoking or quit if you’ve already started.
    Thanks for your articles.

  3. kahsay says:

    It is better to show us detaial nursing daignoses of all the actual, risk and syndrome nursing daignoses.

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